HPO Tech
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HPO Tech

By Mark Lindquist, WA Prosecuting Attorney, Pierce County And Gene Miller, Investigator

Mark Lindquist, WA Prosecuting Attorney, Pierce County

He began his criminal career with a burglary in 2000. Before he turned 40, he racked up 16 felony convictions. Though he was versatile–stealing cars, committing identify theft and dabbling in drugs–burglary remained his crime of choice.

Recently, he went on a short crime spree, which included yet another burglary. Our new data-driven system identified him as a High Priority Offender (HPO) based on his conduct and history. He was charged, convicted, and recently sentenced to several years in prison.

This was our 500th HPO case.

The Pierce County Prosecutor’s Office is focusing resources on the small percentage of criminals who are causing a large percentage of the crimes. Some call them career criminals; we call them High Priority Offenders or HPOs for short.

"Pierce County is booming. Population is up, crime is down. Our HPO program is one of the reasons"

In almost every context, it’s a small group of bad actors causing most of the problems. This is certainly true in the world of criminal justice. That’s not new; that’s common sense. What is new is how our office uses data and technology to identify the worst offenders, the career criminals, and take them off our streets. High Priority Offenders are made up of less than 3 percent of the overall criminal population in Pierce County and average 11 prior felony convictions and more than three prior trips to prison.

As part of our ongoing effort to keep our community safe, we began the HPO program in 2015. We studied similar programs on the East Coast, particularly in New York, and adapted the techniques for Pierce County. Consistent with the crime-fighting innovation we have demonstrated with our Elder Abuse Unit and gang sweeps, we are the first on the West Coast to implement this program.

Gene Miller, Investigator

The HPO program is based on three elements of criminality: rate, persistence and dangerousness. As a result, the focus is on those offenders who most negatively impact our community. Our confidence and enthusiasm for the program are shared by our partners in law enforcement. Using data to focus resources and improve public safety is cost-effective and forward-thinking.

So where does the technology come into play? The HPO Program relies heavily on a computer program developed by Pierce County’s IT Department which allows for constant computer tracking of potential High Priority Offenders.

The Intelligence Driven Prosecution/Priority Offender Program (IDPPOP) presents aggregated data into an easy to understand dashboard that allows tracking of HPOs through the criminal justice system, monitoring of HPO Unit goals, and creation of reports for use by the Prosecutor’s Office. IDPPOP was developed using test-driven development (TDD), a process that helps improve the quality of a software system. The system was developed using open source components including AngularJS (a JavaScript framework developed by Google), Grails Framework, MySQL database server, and the NVD3 charting library. The system calls a Legal Information Network Exchange (LINX) web service to display up-to-date booking photos. LINX is Pierce County’s custom-developed integrated justice information system.

Pierce County’s IT Department also developed an alert system within the LINX web service so that the HPO unit receives immediate notification via e-mail of a potential HPO arrest, booking, or inclusion in a police report. This element of the program results in higher bail and a higher custody rate between arrest and resolution for High Priority Offenders. This breaks their cycle of criminality, preventing future felony crimes from occurring.

After conviction as a HPO, the individual serves a sentence that is nearly four times greater than the average sentence in Washington. And when you send a career criminal to prison, you prevent dozens of future crimes.

Why do we need this program when Washington has a three-strike law? Because not all felonies are strikes. In fact, only the “most serious offenses” are strikes. The HPO program applies to burglaries and other crimes that do not qualify as strike offenses, but still impact victims and our community.

Our future plan is to build on the success of this program by instituting a notification system. We want high priority offenders to know they have been identified. Our goal is to end their criminal careers. They can go to prison, or they can change careers. Either way, our community is safer. Pierce County is booming. Population is up, crime is down. Our HPO program is one of the reasons.

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